Disentangling bulk and surface Rashba effects in ferroelectric alpha-GeTe

Macroscopic ferroelectric order in alpha-GeTe with its noncentrosymmetric lattice structure leads to a giant Rashba spin splitting in the bulk bands due to strong spin-orbit interaction. Direct measurements of the bulk band structure using soft x-ray angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) reveals the three-dimensional electronic structure with spindle torus shape. By combining high-resolution and spin-resolved ARPES as well as photoemission calculations, the bulk electronic structure is disentangled from the two-dimensional surface electronic structure by means of surface capping, which quenches the complex surface electronic structure. This unravels the bulk Rashba-split states in the ferroelectric Rashba a-GeTe(111) semiconductor exhibiting a giant spin splitting with Rashba parameter alpha(R) around 4.2 eV angstrom, the highest of so-far known materials.


Published in:
Physical Review B, 94, 20, 205111
Year:
2016
Publisher:
College Pk, Amer Physical Soc
ISSN:
2469-9950
Laboratories:




 Record created 2017-01-24, last modified 2018-09-13

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