Journal article

Effect of N-Terminal Myristoylation on the Active Conformation of Gα

G proteins are part of the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signal transduction cascade in which they transfer a signal from the membrane-embedded GPCR to other proteins in the cell. In the case of the inhibitory G-protein heterotrimer, permanent N-terminal myristoylation can transiently localize the G alpha(i) subunit at the membrane as well as crucially influence G alpha(i)'s function in the GTP-bound conformation. The attachment of lipids to proteins is known to be essential for membrane trafficking; however, our results suggest that lipidation is also important for protein-protein interactions during signal transduction. Here we investigate the effect of myristoylation on the structure and dynamics of soluble G alpha(i) and its possible implication for signal transduction. A 2 mu s classical molecular dynamics simulation of a myristoylated G alpha(i1)-GTP complex suggests that the myristoyl-induced conformational changes of the switch II and alpha helical domains create new possibilities for protein-protein interactions and emphasize the importance of permanent lipid attachment for the conformation proteins. and functional tunability of signaling proteins.


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