Theoretical Study of a Novel Oil-Free Co-Rotating Scroll Compressor Integrated into a Hybrid Absorption Heat Pumps

Hybrid absorption heat pumps (Osenbrück cycle and Hybrid wet compression cycle) are known for high temperature lifts, low-pressure ratios and wide capacity control. They are well suited for processes with the occurrence of significant heat sink and heat source temperature glides. Environmentally friendly working fluids such as ammonia/water mixtures offer advantages for system performance and play an important role for the future of heat pump applications. However, the main challenges of these cycles is the requirement of oil-free compressors suitable for high temperature lifts that may cope with two phase. In this paper a theoretical integration of a novel oil-free co-rotating scroll compressor into a Hybrid absorption heat pump (for cooling and heating) is presented. This compressor has been experimentally characterized and modeled with air and varying rates of water ingestion; the main advantages are that it can operate in both dry and wet conditions without additional internal lubrication. Also, the absence of lubricant leads the oil-free compressor to be used in refrigeration heat pumps. Maximum COP values up to 3.3 for cooling mode and 4.3 for heating mode are determined when the cycle operates with sink temperatures of 45°C/80°C and chilled water temperatures of 20°C/80°C, respectively. Maximum temperature lifts about 66°C for cooling mode and 156°C for heating mode are determined.

Presented at:
12th IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants, Edinburgh, UK, 21st-24th August 2016

 Record created 2016-11-16, last modified 2018-01-28

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