Journal article

Quantitative aqueous phase formic acid dehydrogenation using iron(II) based catalysts

We present here the results of our investigation on aqueous phase formic acid (FA) dehydrogenation using non-noble metal based pre-catalysts. This required the synthesis of m-trisulfonated-tris[2-(diphe nylphosphino)ethyl]phosphine sodium salt (PP3TS) as a water soluble polydentate ligand. New catalysts, particularly those with iron(II), were formed in situ and produced H2 and CO2 from aqueous FA solutions, requiring no organic co-solvents, bases or any additives. Manometry, multinuclear NMR and FT-IR tech- niques were used to follow the dehydrogenation reactions, calculate kinetic parameters, and analyze the gas mixtures for purity. The catalysts are entirely selective and the gaseous products are free from CO contamination. To the best of our knowledge, these represent the first examples of first row transition metal based catalysts that dehydrogenate quantitatively formic acid in aqueous solution.


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