Effect of particle collisions in dense suspension flows
We study nonlocal effects associated with particle collisions in dense suspension flows, in the context of the Affine Solvent Model, known to capture various aspects of the jamming transition. We show that an individual collision changes significantly the velocity field on a characteristic volume Omega(c) similar to 1/delta z that diverges as jamming is approached, where delta z is the deficit in coordination number required to jam the system. Such an event also affects the contact forces between particles on that same volume Omega(c), but this change is modest in relative terms, of order f(coll) similar to (f) over bar (0.8), where (f) over bar is the typical contact force scale. We then show that the requirement that coordination is stationary (such that a collision has a finite probability to open one contact elsewhere in the system) yields the scaling of the viscosity (or equivalently the viscous number) with coordination deficit delta z. The same scaling result was derived [E. DeGiuli, G. During, E. Lerner, and M. Wyart, Phys. Rev. E 91, 062206 (2015)] via different arguments making an additional assumption. The present approach gives a mechanistic justification as to why the correct finite size scaling volume behaves as 1/delta z and can be used to recover a marginality condition known to characterize the distributions of contact forces and gaps in jammed packings.