Photonic crystal microcavities for classical and quantum information processing
Photonic crystal (PC) cavities enable localization of light into volumes (V) below a cubic optical wavelength (smaller than any other types of optical resonators) with high quality (Q) factors . This permits a strong interaction of light and matter, which is relevant for construction of classical light sources with improved properties (e.g., low threshold lasers) and of nonclassical light sources (such as single and entangled photon sources), which are crucial pieces of hardware of quantum information processing systems. This talk will cover some of our recent experimental results on quantum and classical devices enabled by such interaction [2-4], as well as our work on designing such devices and circuits efficiently [5-7]. We have demonstrated a spontaneous emission rate enhancement by a factor of 8 and suppression by a factor of 5 for a single self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) embedded in a GaAs photonic crystal cavity and on- and off-resonance with the cavity mode, respectively . A strong localization of optical field in such a nanocavity (experimental Q-factor of 5000 and mode volume below a cubic optical wavelength) with a quantum dot embedded inside is of importance for building single photon sources with improved efficiency, photon indistinguishability, and repetition rate. We have demonstrated a single photon source on demand based on the pulsed excitation of a single quantum dot in such a nanocavity, with pulse duration between 200 ps and 8ns and with a small multi-photon probability (as small as 5% compared to an attenuated laser of the same intensity) . In addition, we have shown that colloidal PbS quantum dots coupled to AlGaAs photonic crystal cavities can be used as an alternative to self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots for construction of cheap and reusable quantum and classical light emitters . We have also demonstrated an improved classical light source - laser, based on coupling of a large number (81) of photonic crystal nanocavities inside a two dimensional array. Such a laser exhibits a low lasing threshold (similar to 2.5 mW), operates in a single mode, produces large output powers (greater than 12 mu W, which two orders of magnitude larger than a single nanocavity laser), and can be directly modulated as speeds greater than 100 GHz . An inverse problem approach to designing photonic crystal cavities that we have developed enables their rapid optimization in a single step, thereby reducing the cavity optimization time from weeks to hours . We are also pursuing theoretical and experimental work on integration of a number of photonic crystal components (cavities and waveguides) into functional circuits for classical and quantum information processing, including nontrivial two-qubit quantum gates [6-7].
8th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Nottingham, ENGLAND, JUN 18-22, 2006
Record created on 2016-08-16, modified on 2016-08-16