Comparison of amorphous silicon absorber materials: Kinetics of light-induced degradation

We investigate the influence of the deposition parameters for intrinsic amorphous silicon absorber layers on light-induced degradation (LID) of thin-film silicon solar cells. The focus is on absorber layers with different bandgaps: on one side, solar cells with a wide-bandgap absorber layer that provides open-circuit voltages up to 1.04V; on the other, cells with short-circuit current densities of 18.2mA/cm(2) with a 300-nm-thick narrow-bandgap absorber layer, and 20mA/cm(2) at reverse bias for a cell with a 1000-nm-thick absorber layer. Between these extremes, we varied the hydrogen-to-silane ratio and the deposition pressure during the absorber layer deposition. The light-induced degradation of these materialscovering the deposition regimes of low-pressure, protocrystalline, polymorphous, and high-pressure amorphous siliconincorporated in single-junction amorphous silicon solar cells is detailed here. For each pressure, we found an optimum hydrogen dilution with least LID close to the amorphous-to-microcrystalline transition. The relative LID is similar for all pressures at optimized hydrogen dilutions. Further, we present the influence of absorber layer thickness, p-layer thickness, and deposition rate on the kinetics of light-induced degradation to facilitate the choice of a material for its application in several types of multi-junction thin-film silicon solar cells. We show that the degradation kinetics depends, in semi-logarithmic scale, only weakly on time but more on deposition conditions. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Published in:
Progress In Photovoltaics, 24, 4, 446-457
Presented at:
29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC), Amsterdam, 22-26 September, 2014
Hoboken, Wiley-Blackwell
IMT-Number : 838

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