One-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensation of photons in a microtube
This paper introduces a quasiequilibrium one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensation of photons trapped in a microtube. Light modes with a cutoff frequency (a photon's "mass") interact through different processes of absorption, emission, and scattering on molecules and atoms. In this paper we study the conditions for the one-dimensional condensation of light and the role of photon-photon interactions in the system. The technique in use is the Matsubara Green's functions formalism modified for the quasiequilibrium system under study.