DynOR: A 32-bit Microprocessor in 28 nm FD-SOI with Cycle-By-Cycle Dynamic Clock Adjustment
This paper presents DynOR, a 32-bit 6-stage OpenRISC microprocessor with dynamic clock adjustment. To alleviate the issue of unused dynamic timing margins, the clock period of the processor is adjusted on a cycle-by-cycle level, based on the instruction types currently in flight in the pipeline. To this end, we employ a custom designed clock generation unit, capable of immediate glitch-free adjustments of the clock period over a wide range with fine granularity. Our chip measurements in 28nm FD-SOI technology show that DynOR provides an average speedup of 19% in program execution over a wide range of operating conditions, with a peak speedup for certain applications of up to 41%. Furthermore, this speedup can be traded off against energy, to reduce the chip power consumption for a typical die by up to 15%, compared to a static clocking scheme based on worst case excitation.