Aramid/glass fiber-reinforced thermal break - thermal and structural performance
Energetically weak points in thermally insulated building envelopes are formed by thermal breaks that are implemented to structurally connect external balconies to internal slabs. Current thermal breaks comprise stainless steel bars that penetrate the insulation layer and thus cause significant thermal losses. A new thermal break composed of highly insulating aramid and glass fiber-reinforced polymer ( AFRP and GFRP) components and aerogel granulate insulation materials was developed and the first prototypes of the load-bearing components were experimentally investigated. The use of AFRP leads to an excellent thermal performance with linear thermal transmittance values of below 0.15 W/m K. The experimental prototype investigations confirmed the targeted ductile failure mode through concrete crushing in the component-concrete interfaces. The serviceability limit state conditions are met for a targeted balcony cantilever span of 4.0 m. The material-tailored components can be manufactured by fully automated processes such as filament and tape winding and pultrusion to economically produce large quantities within a short time. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.