Journal article

Challenges in the Discovery of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) Inhibitors

Since the discovery of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) as an attractive target for anticancer therapy in 2003, the search for inhibitors has been intensely pursued both in academia and in pharmaceutical companies. Many novel IDO1 inhibitor scaffolds have been described, and a few potent compounds have entered clinical trials. However, a significant number of the reported compounds contain problematic functional groups, suggesting that enzyme inhibition could be the result of undesirable side reactions instead of selective binding to IDO1 Here, we describe issues in the employed experimental protocols, review and classify reported IDO1 inhibitors, and suggest different approaches for confirming viable inhibitor scaffolds.


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