Aerothermal Investigation of a Single Row Divergent Narrow Impingement Channel by Particle Image Velocimetry and Liquid Crystal Thermography
Integrally cast turbine airfoils with wall-integrated cooling cavities are greatly applicable in modern turbines providing enhanced heat exchange capabilities compared to conventional cooling passages. In such arrangements, narrow impingement channels can be formed where the generated crossflow is an important design parameter for the achievement of the desired cooling efficiency. In this study, a regulation of the generated crossflow for a narrow impingement channel consisting of a single row of five inline jets is obtained by varying the width of the channel in the streamwise direction. A divergent impingement channel is therefore investigated and compared to a uniform channel of the same open area ratio. Flow field and wall heat transfer experiments are carried out at engine representative Reynolds numbers using particle image velocimetry (PIV) and liquid crystal thermography (LCT). The PIV measurements are taken at planes normal to the target wall along the centerline for each individual jet, providing quantitative flow visualization of jet and crossflow interactions. The heat transfer distributions on the target plate of the channels are evaluated with transient techniques and a multilayer of liquid crystals (LCs). Effects of channel divergence are investigated combining both the heat transfer and flow field measurements. The applicability of existing heat transfer correlations for uniform jet arrays to divergent geometries is also discussed.