Exploiting Dispersion-driven Aggregators as a Route to New One-dimensional Organic Nanowires
The efficiency of charge carrier mobility in organic semiconductors is heavily dependent upon the long-range organization (i.e., morphology) and the local relative arrangement of the transporting molecules. Here, we exploit London dispersion forces as a design principle to construct compact one-dimensional (1-D) assemblies of quaterthiophene cores. We demonstrate that the substitution of quaterthiophene with dispersion-driven aggregators (e.g., Mladderanes, hydrogenated pyrenes, etc.) leads to the formation of highly stable and tightly packed 1-D supramolecular assemblies with electronic compactness superior to that of quaterthiophene crystals. Tunability and even tighter stacking arrangements can be achieved by inserting molecular linkers between the quaterthiophene fragments and the dispersion-driven components. The proposed 1-D nanowires represent an original route toward the rational design of efficient organic semiconductors.