Automated analysis of product related data generated from PLM ontology

In recent years, ontology for the Product Lifecycle Management domain has raised a lot of interest in research communities, both academic and industrial. It has emerged as a convenient method for supporting the concept of closed lifecycle information loop, which is one of the most important issues of PLM. By modeling relevant aspects collected from all lifecycle stages of a product, within one ontology, a common knowledge structure is created accessible to all actors. Assuming that appropriate mechanisms for updating ontology (or rather, instances that populate it) are provided, ontology becomes a base layer for a knowledge management platform. Useful experience and information from all products’ life-cycle stages, can influence designer’s decisions and business strategies. The industrial research community has recognized this added value of ontological implementation, and there is an increasing number of developed ontologies for this purpose. Application of ontology contributes to time efficiency by reducing the time required to retrieve information. Furthermore, it allows for the enhancement of design decisions which are supported through additional information at the appropriate moment. Finally, ontology gives an overall perspective on a product's lifecycle, allowing from-the-top optimization. Different domains modeled in ontology, and software platforms that use them as a base layer, become interoperable and convenient to merge. The purpose of ontology as it is today is not to store data, for the most part because there are more efficient data base systems to handle large data amounts. Still, the domain modeled within ontology is composed of structured and un-structured data sets, and ontology itself can give us a top view on relations and dependences between these data sets. In this perspective, it holds a strong similarity to a relational data base, if relations in the data base where defined so that they depicted the real world in the most precise possible manner. In large companies today, handling a growing amount of data generated every day is becoming an increasingly relevant problem. Managing and storing them, although challenging, is still feasible, but holding data without understanding it carries little added value. In an effort to exploit useful information contained in unstructured data sources, a number of decision support systems and enterprise resource planning systems have been developed. They can be very diverse in functionality and efficiency but the one thing that they all have in common is that the user has to be the one making the initiative and defining the queries. This means that the user has to know which information he is looking for, or hoping to extract. As a consequence, the number of relevant correlations and dependencies between different factors of real life captured in the data are left unnoticed, simply because they were not assumed. In the PLM domain, this is particularly present since it involves a number of actors and most of them are interacting only with a small subset of domain concepts. Data mining as a discipline, gives a number of tools for resolving this issue. All of the algorithms are designed to detect correlations, underlying patterns or functions that generated the data. The problem of data mining techniques is that they are still performed mostly manually. Although deterministic steps of data mining procedures can be supported by existing software tools, the others remain an obstac

    Keywords: PLM ; PLM Data ; Ontology ; Ontology design ; Ontology Reasoning ; Data Mining

    Thèse École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne EPFL, n° 6728 (2015)
    Programme doctoral Systèmes de production et Robotique
    Faculté des sciences et techniques de l'ingénieur
    Institut de génie mécanique
    Laboratoire des outils informatiques pour la conception et la production
    Jury: Dr Alireza Karimi (président) ; Prof. Dimitrios Kyritsis (directeur de thèse) ; Prof. Daniel Kuhn, Prof. Reiner Anderl, Prof. Marco Garetti (rapporteurs)

    Public defense: 2015-9-25


    Record created on 2015-09-14, modified on 2016-08-09

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