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Abstract

To improve the industry benchmark of solid oxide fuel cell systems (SOFC), we consider anode off-gas recirculation using a blower as an add-on to our next-generation SOFC system. Evolutionary algorithms compare the different design alternatives, i.e. co-flow or counter-flow stack operation with hot or cold recirculation. The system performance is evaluated through multiobjective optimization criteria, i.e. maximization of electrical efficiency and cogeneration efficiency. The results obtained suggest that improvements to the best SOFC systems, in terms of net electrical efficiency, are achievable.

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