Journal article

Electron transport and recombination in dye sensitized solar cells fabricated from obliquely sputter deposited and thermally annealed TiO2 films

Dye sensitized solar cells based on annealed titanium dioxide films prepd. by oblique reactive d.c. magnetron sputtering have been investigated. Electron transport and recombination were studied using intensity-modulated photocurrent and photovoltage spectroscopy. Electron transport time as well as lifetime were found to increase upon lowering of the light intensity and to increase upon increasing the thickness of the TiO2 film. The properties are very similar to those obsd. for solar cells based on colloidal TiO2 films despite the morphologies being very different. In all cases, films are composed of a porous assembly of TiO2 nanocrystals. Grain boundaries with assocd. trap and/or energy barriers may explain the obsd. transport properties.


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