Journal article

Dye-Sensitized Nanostructured p-Type Nickel Oxide Film as a Photocathode for a Solar Cell

Nanostructured NiO film was prepd. by depositing nickel hydroxide slurry on conducting glass and sintering at 500 °C to a thickness of about 1 μm. The photocurrent-voltage (IV) characteristics of the plain nanostructured NiO electrode recorded potentiostatically in a std. three-electrode setup upon UV illumination demonstrate p-type behavior, while the IV characteristics of a dye-sensitized nanostructured NiO electrode coated with erythrosin B show cathodic photocurrent under visible light illumination. The highest incident photon-to-current conversion efficiencies of tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TPPC) and erythrosin B-coated NiO films were 0.24% and 3.44%, resp. In sandwich solar cells with a platinized conducting glass as counter electrode exposed to light from a sun simulator (light intensity: 68 mW/cm2), a short-circuit cathodic photocurrent d. (ISC) of 0.079 mA/cm2 and an open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 98.5 mV for TPPC-coated NiO electrode were achieved. Similarly, ISC = 0.232 mA/cm2 and VOC = 82.8 mV were registered when the NiO electrode was coated with erythrosin B. The cathodic photocurrent is explained by hole injection from dye mol. to the valence band of the p-NiO electrode.


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