Spice-compatible modeling of high injection and propagation of minority carriers in the substrate of Smart Power ICs
Classical substrate noise analysis considers the silicon resistivity of an integrated circuit only as doping dependent besides neglecting diffusion currents as well. In power circuits minority carriers are injected into the substrate and propagate by drift diffusion. In this case the conductivity of the substrate is spatially modulated and this effect is particularly important in high injection regime. In this work a description of the coupling between majority and minority drift diffusion currents is presented. A distributed model of the substrate is then proposed to take into account the conductivity modulation and its feedback on diffusion processes. The model is expressed in terms of equivalent circuits in order to be fully compatible with circuit simulators. The simulation results are then discussed for diodes and bipolar transistors and compared to the ones obtained from physical device simulations and measurements. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.