Infoscience

Review

Meso-Substituted Porphyrins for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Among the several approaches for harnessing solar energy and converting it into electricity, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) represent one of the most promising methods for future large-scale power production from renewable energy sources. In these cells, the sensitizer is one of the key components harvesting solar radiation and converting it into electric current. The electrochemical, photophysical, and ground and excited state properties of the sensitizer play an important role for charge transfer dynamics at the semiconductor interface. Moreover, for long-term stability and practical applications, electrolytes based on the iodine/triiodine couple also suffer from two other disadvantages: the corrosive effect toward the metal electrodes, and the partial absorption of the visible light by triiodine anions. These issues hence constitute one of the reasons that have encouraged the development of alternative iodine-free redox couples in liquid electrolytes for DSSCs.

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