Calibration of the GNSS Signal Amplitudes in the Interference Pattern Technique for Altimetry

Global Navigation Satellite Systems signals can be used in bi-static radar systems in order to get altimetric measurements. With a single classic GNSS ground-based receiver processing the combination of the signals coming directly and after one reflection to the receiving antennas, the Interference Pattern Technique allows the computation of the height of the reflecting surface. In this case, the observed parameter is the Signal to Noise Ratio of the received composite signal, which oscillates at a frequency proportional to this height. However, the signal recordings are generally very long since the accuracy of the SNR frequency estimation is proportional to the variation of the satellite elevation during the observation interval. In this article, we propose a calibration technique that allows reducing the observation duration while keeping a centimeter accuracy performance. The proposed technique is tested on both synthetic and real data.

Presented at:
2014 International Radar Conference (Radar), Lille, France, October 13-17, 2014

 Record created 2015-01-15, last modified 2018-03-17

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