Monitoring and prediction in Early Warning Systems (EWS) for rapid mass movements

Rapid mass movements (RMM) pose a substantial risk to people and infrastructure. Reliable and cost-efficient measures have to be taken to reduce this risk. One of these measures includes establishing and advancing the State of Practice in the application of Early Warning Systems (EWS). EWS have been developed during the past decades and are rapidly increasing. In this document, we focus on the technical part of EWS, i.e. the prediction and timely recognition of imminent hazards, as well as on monitoring slopes at risk and released mass movements. Recent innovations in assessing spatial precipitation, as well as monitoring and modelling precursors, the triggering and deformation of RMM offer new opportunities for next-generation EWS. However, technical advancement can only be transferred into more reliable, operational EWS with an intense dialog between scientists, engineers and those in charge of warning. To this end, further experience with new comprehensive prototype systems jointly operated by scientists and practitioners will be essential.


Published in:
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 15, 4, 905-917
Year:
2015
Publisher:
Copernicus Publications
ISSN:
1561-8633
Laboratories:


Note: The status of this file is: EPFL only


 Record created 2014-11-27, last modified 2018-12-03

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