Controlled stripes of ultrafine ferroelectric domains
In the pursuit of ferroic-based (nano) electronics, it is essential to minutely control domain patterns and domain switching. The ability to control domain width, orientation and position is a prerequisite for circuitry based on fine domains. Here, we develop the underlying theory towards growth of ultra-fine domain patterns, substantiate the theory by numerical modelling of practical situations and implement the gained understanding using the most widely applied ferroelectric, Pb(Zr, Ti)O-3, demonstrating controlled stripes of 10 nm wide domains that extend in one direction along tens of micrometres. The observed electrical conductivity along these thin domains embedded in the otherwise insulating film confirms their potential for electronic applications.