A Real-time Multi-aperture Omnidirectional Visual Sensor Based on Interconnected Network of Smart Cameras
Centralized and multi-level implementations of the Panoptic omnidirectional multiaperture visual system were previously presented by the authors, relying on transmission of all camera outputs to a single central processing node for omnidirectional image and video reconstruction. In this paper, a novel distributed and parallel implementation of the omnidirectional vision reconstruction algorithm of the Panoptic system is presented. The parallel approach aims to overcome the scalability problems and memory bandwidth limitations of the centralised approach. The real-time hardware implementation is presented for camera modules with image processing, memory and interconnectivity features. A methodology is introduced for the arrangement of camera modules with interconnectivity feature into a target interconnection network topology. A unique custom-made multiple- FPGA hardware platform is introduced for the implementation of an interconnected network of 49 camera prototype Panoptic system. A hardware architecture based on presented hardware platform enabling the real-time implementation of the blending algorithms is presented, along with the imaging results and resource utilization. The real-time implementation results of the implemented omnivision application on the aforementioned prototype are demonstrated.