Journal article

Angled microfiber arrays as low-modulus, low Poisson's ratio compliant substrates

This paper presents a novel fabrication method for producing high-aspect-ratio, angled polymer microfiber arrays by directional pulling of polyethylene from low-aspect-ratio, microporous polycarbonate templates. These arrays represent a novel substrate for electrostatic sensors and actuators because they are characterized by low stiffness (<24 kPa effective elastic modulus), low Poisson's ratio (effectively zero at low strains), and very low density (<1% of solid polyethylene). Validation of these properties is presented by developing a model based on elastica theory, and by performing experiments using a parallel-plate electrostatic actuator fabricated with a fiber array as the dielectric and return spring.


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