Real-Time Processing System for the JET Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Profile Monitor Enhancement
The Joint European Torus (JET) is currently undertaking an enhancement program which includes tests of relevant diagnostics with real-time processing capabilities for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Accordingly, a new real-time processing system was developed and installed at JET for the gamma-ray and hard X-ray profile monitor diagnostic. The new system is connected to 19 CsI(Tl) photodiodes in order to obtain the line-integrated profiles of the gamma-ray and hard X-ray emissions. Moreover, it was designed to overcome the former data acquisition (DAQ) limitations while exploiting the required real-time features. The new DAQ hardware, based on the Advanced Telecommunication Computer Architecture (ATCA) standard, includes reconfigurable digitizer modules with embedded field-programmable gate array (FPGA) devices capable of acquiring and simultaneously processing data in real-time from the 19 detectors. A suitable algorithm was developed and implemented in the FPGAs, which are able to deliver the corresponding energy of the acquired pulses. The processed data is sent periodically, during the discharge, through the JET real-time network and stored in the JET scientific databases at the end of the pulse. The interface between the ATCA digitizers, the JET control and data acquisition system (CODAS), and the JET real-time network is provided by the Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe). The work developed allowed attaining two of the major milestones required by next fusion devices: the ability to process and simultaneously supply high volume data rates in real-time.