Metal-Organic Frameworks as Adsorbents for Hydrogen Purification and Precombustion Carbon Dioxide Capture

Selected metal-organic frameworks exhibiting representative properties-high surface area, structural flexibility, or the presence of open metal cation sites-were tested for utility in the separation of CO2 from H 2 via pressure swing adsorption. Single-component CO2 and H2 adsorption isotherms were measured at 313 K and pressures up to 40 bar for Zn4O(BTB)2 (MOF-177, BTB3- = 1,3,5-benzenetribenzoate), Be12(OH)12(BTB)4 (Be-BTB), Co(BDP) (BDP2- = 1,4-benzenedipyrazolate), H 3[(Cu4Cl)3(BTTri)8] (Cu-BTTri, BTTri3- = 1,3,5-benzenetristriazolate), and Mg2(dobdc) (dobdc4- = 1,4-dioxido-2,5-benzenedicarboxylate). Ideal adsorbed solution theory was used to estimate realistic isotherms for the 80:20 and 60:40 H2/CO2 gas mixtures relevant to H2 purification and precombustion CO2 capture, respectively. In the former case, the results afford CO2/H2 selectivities between 2 and 860 and mixed-gas working capacities, assuming a 1 bar purge pressure, as high as 8.6 mol/kg and 7.4 mol/L. In particular, metal-organic frameworks with a high concentration of exposed metal cation sites, Mg 2(dobdc) and Cu-BTTri, offer significant improvements over commonly used adsorbents, indicating the promise of such materials for applications in CO2/H2 separations. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Published in:
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133, 15, 5664-5667
Herm, Zoey R. Swisher, Joseph A. Smit, Berend Krishna, Rajamani Long, Jeffrey R.

 Record created 2014-08-14, last modified 2018-03-17

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