Arithmetic of del Pezzo surfaces of degree 4 and vertical Brauer groups

We show that Brauer classes of a locally solvable degree 4 del Pezzo surface X are vertical for some projection away from a plane g : X -> P-1, i.e., that every Brauer class is obtained by pullback from an element of Br k(P-1). As a consequence, we prove that a Brauer class obstructs the existence of a k-rational point if and only if all k-fibers of g fail to be locally solvable, or in other words, if and only if X is covered by curves that each have no adelic points. Using work of Wittenberg, we deduce that for certain quartic del Pezzo surfaces with nontrivial Brauer group the algebraic Brauer-Manin obstruction is sufficient to explain all failures of the Hasse principle, conditional on Schinzel's hypothesis and the finiteness of Tate-Shafarevich groups. The proof of the main theorem is constructive and gives a simple and practical algorithm, distinct from that in [5], for computing all classes in the Brauer group of X (modulo constant algebras). (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Published in:
Advances In Mathematics, 255, 153-181
San Diego, Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science

 Record created 2014-05-26, last modified 2018-12-03

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