Impact of Cable Twist Pitch on T-cs-Degradation and AC Loss in Nb3Sn Conductors for ITER Central Solenoids
The performance of tour Nb3Sn conductors for the ITER central solenoids was tested. The current sharing temperatures (T-cs) were measured over approximately 9000 electromagnetic cycles, including two or three thermal cycles between 4.2 K and room temperature. T-cs, increased and became almost constant through the cycling. The gradient of the electric field against the temperature gradually decreased against cycling. The degradations caused by the electromagnetic force of the short twist pitch conductors were smaller than that of the original twist pitch conductor. The ac losses of short twist pitch conductors were several times higher than that of original twist pitch conductor. The dents and the removals of the Cr plating on the strands, which were formed during cabling, decreased the electric resistance between strands, which may cause the observed high ac loss. Inspection of the cable showed neither a clear bias of cable in the cross-sectional surface nor distorted strands in the lateral face. The high rigidity of the short twist pitch cable could prevent these plastic deformations, caused by the Lorentz force.