Journal article

Design of Large Size, Force Flow Superconductors for DEMO TF Coils

The DEMO plant will demonstrate by mid-century the feasibility of electric power generation by nuclear fusion. In the scope of design studies coordinated by the European Commission, CRPP and ENEA are developing two force flow conductor layouts as candidates for the toroidal field (TF) coils of DEMO. The operating conditions include 82 kA operating current and 13.5 T peak field, placing the DEMO TF conductor at substantially higher performance compared to the ITER TF (68 kA/11.5 T). The innovative winding layout is graded, layer wound with Nb3Sn/NbTi hybridization for both conductor designs, aiming at minimizing the size and the cost of the superconductor: one of the conductors is a wind and react cable-in-conduit conductor with reduced void fraction and has a rectangular shape. The other conductor is a react and wind flat cable with copper segregation and thick conduit assembled by longitudinal weld. The conductor designs were first drafted in 2012 and reviewed in 2013 based on a first round of assessments and on an updated requirements catalog. The manufacture of full-size prototypes is planned in 2014.


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