Sampling Curves with Finite Rate of Innovation
In this paper, we extend the theory of sampling signals with finite rate of innovation (FRI) to a specific class of two-dimensional curves, which are defined implicitly as the zeros of a mask function. Here the mask function has a parametric representation as a weighted summation of a finite number of complex exponentials, and therefore, has finite rate of innovation. An associated edge image, which is discontinuous on the predefined parametric curve, is proved to satisfy a set of linear annihilation equations. We show that it is possible to reconstruct the parameters of the curve (i.e. to detect the exact edge positions in the continuous domain) based on the annihilation equations. Robust reconstruction algorithms are also developed to cope with scenarios with model mismatch. Moreover, the annihilation equations that characterize the curve are linear constraints that can be easily exploited in optimization problems for further image processing (e.g., image up-sampling). We demonstrate one potential application of the annihilation algorithm with examples in edge-preserving interpolation. Experimental results with both synthetic curves as well as edges of natural images clearly show the effectiveness of the annihilation constraint in preserving sharp edges, and improving SNRs.