GaN-on-insulator technology for high-temperature electronics beyond 400 degrees C
Lattice-matched InAlN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) have been prepared in a silicon-on-insulator (SOI)-like configuration. Here, this implies an ultrathin body 50 nm GaN channel/50 nm AlN nucleation layer material structure on sapphire with the active areas confined by mesa etching, resulting in semi-enhancement mode device characteristics. In contrast to conventional technologies, the device characteristics (maximum drain current, threshold voltage and 1 MHz large signal operation) change only within less than approx. 10% up to 600 degrees C compared to room temperature (RT). The current on/off ratio decreases from 10(10) at RT to 10(6) at 600 degrees C, due to residual defect activation. These first results of ultrathin body GaN-on-sapphire-based materials and device technology may indicate that essential improvements in the temperature-handling capability of electronic device structures beyond what is common at present may be possible with only limited sacrifice of device performance.