Changes in the Bacterial Community and lin Genes Diversity during Biostimulation of Indigenous Bacterial Community of Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) Dumpsite Soil
In this study hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) contaminated soil (with HCH level 84 g/kg of soil) from HCH dumpsite (Ummari village, Lucknow, India) was used to demonstrate biostimulation approach for HCH bioremediation. Different nutrients (molasses and ammonium phosphate) were used in different pits having contaminated soil to stimulate the indigenous microbial community. There was a substantial reduction in the total HCH content of the soil in 12 months long experiment. Maximum reduction was seen in the pit that received a combination of molasses and ammonium phosphate. A change in the microbial community concomitant with degradation of HCH was observed. Sphingomonads, which are known degraders of HCH, were found to dominate the experimental pits. Moreover changes in linA and linB gene (primary genes involved in HCH degradation) diversity and number were also seen as revealed by T-RFLP and RT-PCR respectively. The study suggests the prospects of biostimulation in decontaminating soils heavily contaminated with HCH.