Journal article

Inelastic x-ray study of phonon broadening and charge-density wave formation in ortho-II-ordered YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6.54}

Inelastic x-ray scattering is used to investigate charge-density wave (CDW) formation and the low-energy lattice dynamics of the underdoped high-temperature superconductor ortho-II YBa2Cu3O6.54. We find that, for a temperature similar to 1/3 of the CDW onset temperature (approximate to 155 K), the CDW order is static within the resolution of the experiment, that is the inverse lifetime is less than 0.3 meV. In the same temperature region, low-energy phonons near the ordering wave vector of the CDW show large increases in their linewidths. This contrasts with the usual behavior in CDW systems where the phonon anomalies are strongest near the CDW onset temperature.


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