Is the Network Turing-Complete?
Ensuring correct network behavior is hard. This is the case even for simple networks, and adding middleboxes only complicates this task. In this paper, we demonstrate a fundamental property of networks. Namely, we show a way of using a network to emulate the Rule 110 cellular automaton. We do so using just a set of network devices with simple features such as packet matching, header rewriting and round-robin loadbalancing. Therefore, we show that a network can emulate any Turing machine. This ultimately means that analyzing dynamic network behavior can be as hard as analyzing an arbitrary program. Analyzing a network containing middleboxes is already understood to be hard. Our result shows that using even only statically configured switches can make the problem intractable.
Record created on 2013-06-22, modified on 2016-08-09