Interaction between a bubble plume and the near field in a stratified lake

A steady state bubble-plume model is evaluated using full-scale temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen data collected in a Swiss lake. The data revealed a plume-generated near-field environment that differed significantly from the ambient far-field water column properties. A near-field torus of reduced stratification developed around the plume, the extent of which is on the same lateral scale as the horizontal dislocations generated by persistent first-mode seiching. The plume fallback water was found to penetrate much deeper than expected, thereby maintaining reduced vertical gradients in the near-field torus. The plume entrains a portion of the fallback water leading to short-circuiting, which generates a complex plume-lake interaction and reduces far-field downwelling relative to the upward plume flow. As the integral plume model incorporates the entrainment hypothesis, it is highly sensitive to the near-field environmental conditions. After identifying appropriate near-field boundary conditions the plume model predictions agree well with the field observations.


Published in:
Water Resources Research, 40, 10
Year:
2004
Publisher:
Washington, Amer Geophysical Union
ISSN:
0043-1397
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2013-06-10, last modified 2018-03-17


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