Applications of Multi-Terminal Memristive Devices: A Review
Memristive devices have the potential for a complete renewal of the electron devices landscape, including memory, logic and sensing applications. This is especially true when considering that the memristive functionality is not limited to two-terminal devices, whose practical realization has been demonstrated within a broad range of different technologies. For electron devices, the memristive functionality can be generally attributed to a state modification, whose dynamics can be engineered to target a specific application. In this review paper, we show examples of two-terminal Resistive RAMs (ReRAM) for standalone memory and Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) applications. Moreover, a Generic Memory Structure (GMS) utilizing two ReRAMs for 3D-FPGA is discussed. In addition, we show that trap charging dynamics can explain some of the memristive effects previously reported for Schottky-barrier field-effect Si nanowire transistors (SB SiNW FETs). Moreover, the SB SiNW FETs do show additional memristive functionality due to trap charging at the metal/semiconductor surface. The combination of these two memristive effects into multi-terminal MOSFET devices gives rise to new opportunities for both memory and logic applications as well as new sensors based on the physical mechanism that originate memristance. Finally, the multi-terminal memristive devices presented here have the potential of a very high integration density, and they are suitable for hybrid CMOS co-fabrication with a CMOS-compatible process.