Direct observation of non-fully-symmetric coherent optical phonons by femtosecond x-ray diffraction

We directly measure by femtosecond time-resolved x-ray diffraction the E-g symmetry coherent phonon excited in bismuth by a strong optical pulse. The magnitude of the E-g mode observed is 0.2 pm peak-to-peak, compared against the 2.7-pm initial displacement of the fully symmetric A(1g) mode. The much smaller motion of the E-g mode is a consequence of the short lifetime of the electronic states that drive the atomic motion. The experimentally measured magnitude of the E-g motion allows us to rule out a previously suggested scenario for explaining the dynamics in bismuth that relies on strong coupling between these modes. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.054301


Published in:
Physical Review B, 87, 5
Year:
2013
Publisher:
College Pk, American Physical Society
ISSN:
1098-0121
Laboratories:




 Record created 2013-03-28, last modified 2018-03-17


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