In nature, one observes that a K-theory of an object is defined in two steps. First a “structured” category is associated to the object. Second, a K-theory machine is applied to the latter category that produces an infinite loop space. We develop a general framework that deals with the first step of this process. The K-theory of an object is defined via a category of “locally trivial” objects with respect to a pretopology. We study conditions ensuring an exact structure on such categories. We also consider morphisms in K-theory that such contexts naturally provide. We end by defining various K-theories of schemes and morphisms between them.
Record created on 2013-03-19, modified on 2016-08-09