Analysis of shear-transfer actions on one-way RC members based on measured cracking pattern and failure kinematics
Shear in one-way reinforced concrete (RC) members is transferred in cracked concrete members by a number of actions such as aggregate interlock, residual tensile stresses, dowelling action, inclination of compression chord and transverse reinforcement (if available). The amount of shear transferred by each action is significantly influenced by the cracking pattern (shape of shear cracks) and by the kinematics at failure (opening and sliding of the cracks). In this paper, the activation of the various shear-transfer actions is investigated for one-way RC members. This is done by using a set of detailed measurements on the cracking pattern and actual kinematics at failure recorded on a number of specimens (beams) with a very low amount of transverse reinforcement. The amount of shear transferred by each action is estimated on the basis of available physical models and compared for the various specimens. The results show rather good predictions in terms of strength by following this approach. Consistent explanations of the shear transferred by each action are provided.
Keywords: béton armé ; effort tranchant ; engrènement ; fissuration ; ouverture des fissures ; résistance à l'effort tranchant ; reinforced concrete ; shear force ; aggregate interlock ; crack growth ; crack opening ; shear strength
Record created on 2013-03-18, modified on 2016-08-09