Model-based and data-driven model-reference control: a comparative analysis
In many industrial applications, finding a model from physical laws that is both simple and reliable for control design is a hard and time-consuming undertaking. When a set of input/output (I/O) measurements is available, one can derive the controller directly from data, without relying on the knowledge of the physics. In the scientific literature, two main approaches have been proposed for control system design from data. In the “model-based” approach, a model of the system is first derived from data and then a controller is computed based on the model. In the “data-driven” approach, the controller is directly computed from data. In this work, the above approaches are compared from a novel perspective. The main finding of the paper is that, although from the standard perspective of parameter variance analysis the model-based approach is always statistically more efficient, the data-driven controller might outperform the model-based solution for what concerns the final control cost.
Keywords: Data-driven control
Record created on 2013-03-14, modified on 2016-08-09