Thermodynamics of continuous media with intrinsic rotation and magnetoelectric coupling
The thermodynamics of an electrically charged, multicomponent continuous medium with intrinsic rotation is analysed in the presence of electromagnetic fields with a weak linear magnetoelectric coupling in the non-relativistic limit. Taking into account the chemical composition of the current densities and stress tensors yields scalar dissipation terms accounting for chemical reactivities and vectorial dissipation terms accounting for transport. Three equations characterising the continuous medium are derived: a thermostatic equilibrium equation, a reversible and an irreversible thermodynamic evolution equation. Explicit expressions for the temperature and the chemical potentials are derived in terms of the electromagnetic fields and the magnetoelectric coupling. The transport equations contain electromagnetic terms normally not included in a standard thermodynamic phenomenology.