Reduced basis finite element heterogeneous multiscale method for high-order discretizations of elliptic homogenization problems
A new finite element method for the efficient discretization of elliptic homogenization problems is proposed. These problems, characterized by data varying over a wide range of scales cannot be easily solved by classical numerical methods that need mesh resolution down to the finest scales and multiscale methods capable of capturing the large scale components of the solution on macroscopic meshes are needed. Recently, the finite element heterogeneous multiscale method (FE-HMM) has been proposed for such problems, based on a macroscopic solver with effective data recovered from the solution of micro problems on sampling domains at quadrature points of a macroscopic mesh. Departing from the approach used in the FE-HMM, we show that interpolation techniques based on the reduced basis methodology (an offline-online strategy) allow one to design an efficient numerical method relying only on a small number of accurately computed micro solutions. This new method, called the reduced basis finite element heterogeneous multiscale method (RB-FE-HMM) is significantly more efficient than the FE-HMM for high order macroscopic discretizations and for three-dimensional problems, when the repeated computation of micro problems over the whole computational domain is expensive. A priori error estimates of the RB-FE-HMM are derived. Numerical computations for two and three dimensional problems illustrate the applicability and efficiency of the numerical method. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.