Files

Abstract

Hydrogen holds the potential to be an alternative to replace fossil fuels in the future. The tremendous research effort dedicated to the issue of hydrogen storage has led to considerable advancements in the development of both adsorption materials and chemical storage. Still, for many of these systems the gap between current state of research and industrial application is considerable. When it comes to systems for the reversible storage of hydrogen, the HCOOH/CO2 cycle currently shows the most promises. Its physical-chemical properties make formic acid an ideal system for hydrogen storage. Herein, a series of homogeneous catalytic systems have been developed for hydrogen generation from formic acid in aqueous solution. These catalysts are formed from commercially available RuCl3 with a variety of water-soluble phosphine ligands. These ligands vary in the type, number and position of their hydrophilic substituents. Most of them allow the efficient decomposition of formic acid under mild conditions for a large number of catalytic cycles. Especially a new series of cationic phosphine ligands provide the catalytic systems with high activity. Due to the observed high initial reaction rate of many catalytic systems, mechanistic studies have also been undertaken with important intermediates and a catalytic cycle being proposed. Accordingly, the heterogeneous catalysts have also been developed based on the immobilization of homogeneous ruthenium complexes. The immobilized catalysts also afford hydrogen with high purity and allow easy catalyst separation, overcoming the previous limitations in the use of homogeneous catalysts, particularly for mobile/portable applications. The research undertaken in this thesis is presented in three main parts: (i) the development and optimization of homogeneous catalytic systems; (ii) the development and optimization of heterogeneous/immobilized catalytic systems; (iii) the mechanistic studies on the initial fast catalytic cycle of homogeneous catalysts.

Details

Actions