Sizing Studies for Detecting Graphical Models
The ability to identify reliably a positive or negative partial correlation between the expression levels of two genes is determined by the number p of genes, the number n of analyzed samples, and the statistical properties of the measurements. Classical statistical theory teaches us that the product of the root sample size multiplied by the size of the partial correlation is the crucial quantity. But this has to be combined with some adjustment for multiplicity depending on p, which makes the classical analysis somewhat arbitrary. We investigate this problem through the lens of the Kullback-Leibler divergence, which is a measure of the average information for detecting an effect. We conclude that commonly sized studies in genetical epidemiology are not able to reliably detect moderately strong links.