Kinetic modelling of dissolution and crystallization of slurries with attenuated total reflectance UV-visible absorbance and near-infrared reflectance measurements
Slurries are often used in chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing processes but present challenging on-line measurement and monitoring problems. In this paper, a novel multivariate kinetic modeling application is described that provides calibration-free estimates of time-resolved profiles of the solid and dissolved fractions of a substance in a model slurry system. The kinetic model of this system achieved data fusion of time-resolved spectroscopic measurements from two different kinds of fiber-optic probes. Attenuated total reflectance UV-Visible (ATR UV-Vis) and diffuse reflectance near infrared (NIR) spectra were measured simultaneously in a small-scale semi-batch reactor. A simplified comprehensive kinetic model was then fitted to the time-resolved spectroscopic data to determine the kinetics of crystallization and the kinetics of dissolution for online monitoring and quality control purposes. The parameters estimated in the model included dissolution and crystal growth rate constants, as well as the dissolution rate order. The model accurately estimated the degree of supersaturation as a function of time during conditions when crystallization took place and accurately estimated the degree of undersaturation during conditions when dissolution took place.