Journal article

Simplex solids in SU(N) Heisenberg models on the kagome and checkerboard lattices

We present a numerical study of the SU(N) Heisenberg model with the fundamental representation at each site for the kagome lattice (for N = 3) and the checkerboard lattice (for N = 4), which are the line graphs of the honeycomb and square lattices and thus belong to the class of bisimplex lattices. Using infinite projected entangled-pair states and exact diagonalizations, we show that in both cases the ground state is a simplex solid state with a twofold degeneracy, in which the N spins belonging to a simplex (i.e., a complete graph) form a singlet. Theses states can be seen as generalizations of valence bond solid states known to be stabilized in certain SU(2) spin models.


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