A scale model for the study of the LEMP response of complex power distribution networks
This paper deals with scale models of power distribution systems for the study of lightning induced voltages on overhead lines. The scale model technique is useful for the investigation of situations which are prohibitively complex to be treated theoretically. For instance, urban distribution networks are usually characterized not only by complex topologies but also by the presence of nearby buildings, whose influence on the lightning induced effects can be successfully evaluated by means of reduced models. The paper first describes the scale model implemented for such a purpose at the University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. It then presents a comparison between the experimental data obtained with the scale model and the computer simulations obtained by using the LIOV-EMTP code, a software tool able of calculating lightning-induced electromagnetic transients in distribution systems having complex configurations. Finally, the paper shows an application of the scale model in the evaluation of lightning induced voltages on distribution networks considering the presence of nearby buildings. © 2007 IEEE.
Keywords: Electromagnetic induction ; Lightning ; Lightning-induced voltages ; LIOV-Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) code ; Power distribution lines ; Power system lightning effects ; Reduced-scale model ; Electric lines ; Electric potential ; Electric power distribution ; Mathematical models ; Electromagnetic transients program (EMTP) code ; Electric power systems
Institute of Electrotechnics and Energy, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-010, Brazil Polytechnic School of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-010, Brazil Mauá Institute of Technology, São Paulo LO 09580-900, Brazil Faculty of Engineering, University of Bologna, Bologna 40136, Italy, Cited By (since 1996): 23, Export Date: 25 April 2012, Source: Scopus, CODEN: ITPDE, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2006.881410, Language of Original Document: English, Correspondence Address: Piantini, A.; Institute of Electrotechnics and Energy, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-010, Brazil; email: email@example.com, References: Abetti, P.A., Transformer models for the determination of transient voltages (1953) AIEE Trans, 76, pp. 468-480. , Jun; Sinclair, G., Theory of models of electromagnetic systems (1948) Proc. IRE, pp. 1364-1370. , Nov; Fisher, F.A., Anderson, J.G., Hagenguth, J.H., Determination of lightning response of transmission lines by means of geometrical models (1960) AIEE Trans. Power App. Syst, 79, pp. 1725-1736. , Feb; Consa, R.P., René, J.G., Air model for the study of electrostatic induction by transmission lines (1968) IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst, PAS-87 (4), pp. 1002-1010. , Apr; Johnson, I.B., Schultz, A.J., Analytical studies on lightning phenomena involving towers, insulator strings, and transmission lines (1958) AIEE Trans, 76, pp. 1310-1314; Hagenguth, J.H., Anderson, J.G., Factors affecting the lightning performance of transmission lines (1958) AIEE Trans, 76, pp. 1379-1392; Garbagnati, E., Lo Piparo, G.B., Modelli geometrici per la determinazione della risposta at fulmine di un sostegno di linea aerea (1970) L'Eletrotecnica, 57 (8), pp. 439-448. , Aug; Sebo, S.A., Caldecott, R., Kasten, D.G., Model study of HVDC electric field effects (1982) IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst, 101 (6), pp. 1743-1756. , Jun; Sebo, S.A., Caldecott, R., Scale model studies of AC substation electric fields (1979) IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst, PAS-98 (3), pp. 926-939. , May/Jun; Sebo, S.A., Devore, R.V., Caldecott, R., He, J., Design and RF operation of scale model of Dickinson +400 kV HVDC converter station (1985) IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst, PAS-104 (7), pp. 1930-1936. , Jul; Nucci, C.A., Borghetti, A., Piantini, A., Janiszewski, J.M., Lightning-induced voltages on distribution overhead lines: Comparison between experimental results from a reduced-scale model and most recent approaches (1998) Proc. 24th Int. Conf. Lightning Protection, 1, pp. 314-320. , Birmingham, U.K, Sep; Piantini, A., Janiszewski, J.M., Lightning induced voltages on distribution lines close to buildings (2000) Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Lightning Protection, B, pp. 558-563. , Rhodes, Greece, Sep; Piantini, A., Janiszewski, J.M., Use of surge arresters for protection of overhead lines against nearby lightning (1997) Proc. 10th Int. Symp. High Voltage Engineering, 5, pp. 213-216. , Montréal, QC, Canada, Aug; A. Piantini, Lightning induced voltages on overhead rural and urban lines, considering different protection alternatives - Theoretical and experimental modeling and calculation of the number of supply interruptions, (in Portuguese) Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Univ. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Feb. 1997, 316 pA. Piantini and J. M. Janiszewski, Lightning induced voltages on overhead lines: The effect of ground wires, in Proc. 22nd Int. Conf. Lightning Protection, Budapest, Hungary, Sep. 1994, pp. R 3b-08/1-R 3b-08/5A. Piantini and J. M. Janiszewski, An experimental study of lightning induced voltages by means of a scale model, in Proc. 21st Int. Conf. Lightning Protection, Berlin, Germany, Sep. 1992, pp. 4.08/195-4.08/199Yokoyama, S., Calculation of lightning - induced voltages on overhead multiconductor systems (1984) IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst, 103 (1), pp. 100-108. , Jan; Electromagnetic Transient Program (EMTP) Rule Book Bonneville Power Administration. Portland, OR, 1984Nucci, C.A., Bardazzi, V., Iorio, R., Mansoldo, A., Porrino, A., A code for the calculation of lightning-induced overvoltages and its interface with the electromagnetic transient program (1994) Proc. 22nd Int. Conf. Lightning Protection, pp. 19-23. , Budapest, Hungary, Sep; Paolone, M., Nucci, C.A., Rachidi, F., A new finite difference time domain scheme for the evaluation of lightning induced overvoltages on multiconductor overhead lines (2001) Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Power System Transients, , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Jun; Borghetti, A., Gutierrez, J.A., Nucci, C.A., Paolone, M., Petrache, E., Rachidi, F., Lightning-induced voltages on complex distribution systems: Models, advanced software tools and experimental validation (2004) J. Electrostat, 60 (2-4), pp. 163-174. , Mar; Rakov, V.A., Lightning parameters important for lightning protection (2001) Proc. VI Int. Symp. Lightning Protection, pp. 393-412. , Nov; Mach, D.M., Rust, W.D., Photoelectric return-stroke velocity and peak current estimates in natural and triggered lightning (1989) J. Geophys. Res, 94, pp. 13237-13247; Nucci, C.A., Lightning induced voltages on overhead power lines. Part I: Return-stroke current models with specified channel-base current for the evaluation of the return-stroke electromagnetic fields (1995) Electra, (161). , Aug; Thottappillil, R., Rakov, V.A., Uman, M., Distribution of charge along the lightning channel: Relation to remote electric and magnetic fields and to return strok models (1997) J. Geophys. Res, 102, pp. 6887-7006; Rakov, V., Uman, M.A., Review and evaluation of lightning return stroke models including some aspects of their applications (1998) IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, 40 (4), pp. 403-426. , Nov; Gomes, C., Cooray, V., Concepts of lightning return stroke models (2000) IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, 42 (1), pp. 82-96. , Feb; Rakov, V.A., Engineering models of the lightning return stroke (2003) Proc. VII Int. Symp. Lightning Protection, pp. 511-530. , Nov; Morched, A., Martí, L., Ottevangers, J., A high frequency transformer model for the EMTP (1993) IEEE Trans. Power Del, 8 (3), pp. 1615-1626. , Jul; Borghetti, A., Iorio, R., Nucci, C.A., Pelacchi, P., Calculation of voltages induced by nearby lightning on overhead lines terminated on distribution transformers (1995) Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Power Systems Transients, pp. 311-316. , Lisbon, Portugal; Borghetti, A., Morched, A.S., Napolitano, F., Nucci, C.A., Paolone, M., Lightning-induced overvoltages transferred from medium-voltage to low-voltage networks (2005) Proc. IEEE St. Petersburg Power Tech, , St. Petersburg, Russia, Jun. 27-30; Piantini, A., Malagodi, C.V.S., Voltage surges transferred to the secondary of distribution transformers (1999) Proc. 11th Int. Symp. High Voltage Engineering, 1, pp. 1365-1368. , London, U.K, Aug; Piantini, A., Malagodi, C.V.S., Voltages transferred to the low-voltage side of distribution transformers due to lightning discharges close to overhead lines (1999) Proc. V Int. Symp. Lightning Protection, pp. 201-205. , Sõ Paulo, Brazil, May; Piantini, A., Kanashiro, A.G., A distribution transformer model for calculating transferred voltages (2002) Proc. 26th Int. Conf. on Lightning Protection, 2, pp. 429-434. , Sep; Kanashiro, A.G., Piantini, A., The effect of the secondary loads on the voltage surges transferred through distribution transformers (2003) Proc. 12th Int. Symp. High Voltage Engineering, pp. 1-4; V. Lat and J. Carr, Application Guide for Surge Arresters on Distribution Systeins. Toronto, ON, Canada: Canadian Elect. Assoc., 1988Yokoyama, S., Distribution surge arrester behavior due to lightning induced voltages (1986) IEEE Trans. Power Del, PWRD-1 (1), pp. 171-178. , Jan; Nucci, C.A., Rachidi, F., Ianoz, M., Mazzetti, C., Lightning-induced overvoltages on overhead lines (1993) IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, 35 (1), pp. 75-86. , Feb; Rachidi, F., Nucci, C.A., Ianoz, M., Mazzetti, C., Calculation of lightning-induced voltages on an overhead line over a homogeneous lossy ground (1996) IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, 38 (3), pp. 250-264. , Aug; Agrawal, A.K., Price, H.J., Gurbaxani, S.H., Transient response of a multiconductor transmission line excited by a nonuniform electromagnetic field (1980) IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, EMC-22 (2), pp. 119-129. , May; Paolone, M., Nucci, C.A., Petrache, E., Rachidi, F., Mitigation of lightning-induced overvoltages in medium voltage distribution lines by means of periodical grounding of shielding wires and of surge arresters: Modelling and experimental validation (2004) IEEE Trans. Power Del, 19 (1), pp. 423-431. , Jan; Borghetti, A., Nucci, C.A., Paolone, M., Bernardi, M., Malgarotti, S., Mastandrea, I., Influence of surge arresters on the statistical evaluation of lightning performance of distribution lines (2004) Proc. Int. Conf. Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, , Sep. 12-16; Rakov, V.A., Rocket-triggered lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida (1999) Proc. V Int. Symp. Lightning Protection, pp. 373-394. , São Paulo, Brazil, May; Rakov, V.A., Uman, M.A., Wang, D., Rambo, K.J., Crawford, D.E., Schnetzer, G.H., Lightning properties from triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida (2000) Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Lightning Protection, pp. 54-59. , Rhodes, Greece, Sep; Bejleri, M., Rakov, V.A., Uman, M.A., Rambo, K.J., Mata, C.T., Fernandez, M.I., Triggered lightning testing of an airport runway lighting system (2004) IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, 46 (1), pp. 96-101. , Feb
Record created on 2012-05-01, modified on 2016-08-09