Constitutive gray hair in Mice induced by Melanocyte-specific deletion of c-Myc
c-Myc is involved in the control of diverse cellular processes and implicated in the maintenance of different tissues including the neural crest. Here we report that c-Myc is particularly important for pigment cell development and homeostasis. Targeting c-Myc specifically in the melanocyte lineage using the floxed allele of c-Myc and Tyr::Cre transgenic mice results in a congenital gray hair phenotype. The gray coat color is associated with a reduced number of functional melanocytes in the hair bulb and melanocyte stem cells (MSCs) in the hair bulge. Importantly the gray phenotype does not progress with time suggesting that maintenance of the melanocyte through the hair cycle does not involve c-Myc function. In embryos, at E13.5, c-Myc-deficient melanocyte precursors are affected in proliferation in concordance with a reduction in numbers showing that c-Myc is required for proper melanocyte development. Interestingly, melanocytes from c-Myc deficient mice display elevated levels of the c-Myc paralog N-Myc. Double deletion of c-Myc and N-Myc results in nearly complete loss of the residual pigmentation, indicating that N-Myc is capable of compensating for c-Myc loss of function in melanocytes. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Keywords: melanocyte ; melanoma ; c-Myc ; N-Myc ; conditional knockout ; pigment ; Stem-Cell Maintenance ; N-Myc ; Embryonic Lethality ; Mouse Embryo ; Expression ; Differentiation ; Survival ; Mitf ; Gene ; Proliferation
Record created on 2012-04-03, modified on 2016-08-09