Conference paper

Design Exploration of Energy-Performance Trade-offs for Wireless Sensor Networks

Wireless sensor networks (WNSs) are gradually evolving from a promising technology to a well-established reality in a large set of different domains. In order to fulfill the requirements of the specific scenario, a WSN must provide the right tradeoffs between performance and lifetime, which is heavily determined by the network design. However, although the complexity of WSNs is increasing, the design space exploration is often carried out manually without the support of a general analytical methodology. In this paper, we advocate a model-based approach as an efficient and scalable way to explore the energy-performance tradeoffs during the design. In particular, we show that it is possible to define system-level models to describe wide classes of WSNs, providing a quick and accurate network evaluation. As a proof of concept, we propose a general model that describes the main characteristics of a class of WSNs for health monitoring, and we apply it to a real case study. The results show that the energy-performance estimation error of the model never exceeds 1.74% compared to real data, and the evaluation time is reduced by several orders of magnitude with respect to a network simulation.

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