Kinect=IMU? Learning MIMO Signal Mappings to Automatically Translate Activity Recognition Systems Across Sensor Modalities

We propose a method to automatically translate a pre-existing activity recognition system, devised for a source sensor domain S, so that it can operate on a newly discovered target sensor domain T , possibly of different modality. First, we use MIMO system identification techniques to obtain a function that maps the signals of S to T . This mapping is then used to translate the recognition system across the sensor domains. We demonstrate the approach in a 5-class gesture recognition problem translating between a vision-based skeleton tracking system (Kinect), and inertial measurement units (IMUs). An adequate mapping can be learned in as few as a single gesture (3 seconds) in this scenario. The accuracy after Kinect → IMU or IMU →Kinect translation is 4% below the baseline for the same limb. Translating across modalities and also to an adjacent limb yields an accuracy 8% below baseline. We discuss the sources of errors and means for improvement. The approach is independent of the sensor modalities. It supports multimodal activity recognition and more flexible real-world activity recognition system deployments.

Presented at:
International Symposium on Wearable Computers, Newcastle, UK, June 18-22, 2012

 Record created 2012-03-14, last modified 2018-03-18

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